Max Horkheimer: biographical data
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Max Horkheimer: biographical data

1895   Max Horkheimer was born on 14th February as the son of the factory owner Moses Horkheimer on Stuttgart
1911   Finishes grammar school and starts vocational training in commerce. Befriends Friedrich Pollock
1914-1919   Works in his father's factory, participates in the First World War 1917/1918 and sits for his A-levels in 1919
1919-1922   Studies psychology and philosophy in Munich, Freiburg i.Br. and Frankfurt am Main. Receives his PhD in Frankfurt am Main under Hans Cornelius (1863-1947) with the title "Antinomie der teleologischen Urteislkraft". He befriends Felix Weill and Theodor W.Adorno.
1925   Habilitation in Frankfurt/Main. Title of thesis "Kants Kritik der Urteilskraft als Bindeglied zwischen theoretischer und praktischer Philosophie"
1926   Private lecturer in Frankfurt am Main. Marriage to Rosa Christine (Maidon) Riekher
1930   Appointed professor for social philosophy
1931   Along with Erich Fromm and Herbert Marcuse Horkheimer he belongs to the co-founders of the Institute for Social Research in Frankfurt am Main. He becomes director in 1931
1932-1939   Editor of "Zeitschrift für Sozialforschung"
1933   After the Institute for Social Research is closed by the National Socialists Horkheimer emigrates first to Switzerland
1934   Emigration to the US; here Horkheimer sets up again the Institute for Social Research at the Columbia University in New York
1937   Short visit to Europe; encounters Benjamin
1940   Horkheimer receives American citizenship and moves to California where he works together with Adorno on "Dialektik der Aufklärung" between 1942 and 1944
1940-1942   Editor of "Studies in Philosophy and social Science" as a continuation of "Zeitschrift für Sozialforschung"
1943-1949   Director of the academic department of the American Jewish Committee. He is in charge of a comprehensive research project in Anti-Semitism and produces "Studies in Prejudice" - a work in five volumes
1947   The "Dialektik der Aufklärung", which Horkheimer produces with Adorno, is published by Querido in Amsterdam in 1947 but does not appear in Germany until 1969
1949   Horkheimer returns to Germany and is appointed professor for social philosophy at the University of Frankfurt am Main
1951   The Institute for Social Research is re-opened in Frankfurt am Main
1951-1953   Appointment as Vice-Chancellor of the University of Frankfurt am Main
1953   Awarded the Goethe Plaque of the City of Frankfurt am Main
1954-1959   Horkheimer holds lectures at the University of Chicago
1959   After emeritus status is conferred on Horkheimer he moves to Montagnola near Lugano
1960   Awarded honorary citizenship of the City of Frankfurt am Main
1969   Death of Maidon Horkheimer (née Riekher)
1970   Publication of "Traditionelle und kritische Theorie"
1971   Awarded the Lessing Prize of the city of Hamburg
1973   Max Horkheimer dies in Nürnberg on 7th July

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